SHA-256 is a cryptographic hash function known as the Secure Hash Algorithm 256-bit. SHA-256 is used to provide security, especially used in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.
SHA-256 was designed by the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and was published in 2001. SHA-256 is designed to replace SHA-1 and is considered a more secure hash function.
SHA-256 takes a message and compresses it to a certain size. Next, the compressed message is processed in the SHA-256 algorithm. The SHA-256 algorithm consists of many steps, and each step processes a block from the previous step.
The SHA-256 algorithm is a block cipher algorithm with a block size of 512 bits. Each block contains 16 32-bit words and has a total of 64 steps. The purpose of the algorithm is to convert the input message into a hash value and ensure that the hash value has a certain length.
SHA-256 is a powerful cryptographic hash function and is considered safe by many security experts. However, no cryptographic algorithm is completely secure, and attackers are constantly working to discover new vulnerabilities.
As a result, SHA-256 is a reliable hash function used in many applications and provides an adequate level of security in most cases. However, where security is paramount, it is recommended to use multiple hash functions and tighten security protocols.
SHA-256 is used in many applications such as cryptocurrencies. It is also used to verify the authenticity of digital certificates. For example, when connecting to a website, it is used to check the authenticity of the website's digital certificate.
SHA-256 is also used to verify file integrity. A file is hashed using the SHA-256 algorithm and the hash value is saved.
Then, when the file is downloaded or copied, the hash value is recalculated and compared with the saved hash value. If the hash values are the same, the integrity of the file is verified.
SHA-256 can also be used for password protection. When storing passwords, SHA-256 hash values can be stored instead of users' actual passwords. Thus, if an attacker gains access to the database, they cannot see the actual passwords, only the hash values. For this reason, secure hash functions such as SHA-256 are often used for password protection.
SHA-256 is a powerful cryptographic hash function and is used in many applications. It is used in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, validation of digital certificates, verification of file integrity, and password protection. SHA-256 is an essential tool to help maintain the integrity and security of a message.
However, no cryptographic algorithm is completely secure, and attackers are constantly working to discover new vulnerabilities. Therefore, when security is paramount, it is recommended to use multiple hash functions and tighten security protocols.